Global Health

Environmental health is a global concern, yet the environmental contaminants and populations can differ by region. We examine how the environment affects health in many regions of the world including industrialized nations as well as regions undergoing rapid economic and industrial development. Previous and ongoing projects examine environmental health in Mexico, the United States, Brazil, Chile, China, South Korea, India, and elsewhere. Research in areas without centralized record-keeping often requires complex efforts to obtain and process health, social, and environmental data. Further, new methods may be needed to address different types conditions, such as high exposure levels, uncertainties in environmental exposures, and spare or non-existent monitoring networks. Our personal and ambient monitoring studies have estimated air pollution exposure in India, Nepal, and China. We perform epidemiological analysis of how air pollution, weather, and urbanicity affect human health.

Research Locations

Green Markers: Current Projects, Red Markers: Past Projects

Selected Relevant Publications

Ambient air pollutant PM10 and risk of preterm birth in Lanzhou, ChinaZhao N, J Qiu, Y Zhang, X He, M Zhou, M Li et al, Environment International (accepted)

Mortality risk attributable to high and low ambient temperature: a multi-country studyAntonio Gasparrini, Yuming Guo, Masahiro Hashizume, Antonella Zanobetti et al, The Lancet (accepted)

Extreme temperature-related mortality for 15 urban cities in Northeast AsiaYeonseung Chung, Youn-Hee Lim, Yasushi Honda, Yue-Liang Leon Guo, Masahiro Hashizume, Michelle L. Bell, Bing-Yu Chen, Ho Kim, Epidemiology (accepted)

Air pollution and mortality in Sao Paulo, Brazil: Effects of multiple pollutants and analysis of susceptible populationsMercedes A. Bravo, Ji-Young Son, Clarice Freitas, Nelson Gouveia, Michelle L. Bell, Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology (accepted)

Fine particulate matter and risk of preterm birth and pre-labor rupture of membranes in Perth, Western Australia 1997–2007: A longitudinal studyGavin Pereira, Michelle L. Bell, Kathleen D. Belanger, Nicholas de Klerk, Environmental International 73, p. 143-149

Short-term effects of air pollution on hospital admissions in 8 cities in Korea, 2003-2008, Ji-Young Son, Jong-Tae Lee, Yoon Hyeong Park, Michelle L. Bell, Epidemiology 24(4), p. 545-554

Exposure to airborne particulate matter in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal, Anobha Gurung, Michelle L Bell, Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology 22(3), p. 235-242

Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in São Paulo, Brazil; Santiago, Chile; and Mexico City, MexicoMichelle L. Bell, Marie S O’Neill, Nalini Ranjit, Victor H Borja-Aburto, Luis A Cifuentes, Nelson Gouveia, International Journal of Epidemiology 37(4), p. 796-804

A comparison of particulate matter from biomass-burning rural and non-biomass burning urban households in Northeastern China, Ruoting Jiang, Michelle L. Bell, Environmental Health Perspectives 116(7), p. 907-914